S.B. No. 339
AN ACT relating to the medical use of low-THC cannabis and the regulation of related organizations and individuals; requiring a dispensing organization to obtain a license to dispense low-THC cannabis and any employee of a dispensing organization to obtain a registration; authorizing fees.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS: SECTION 1. Subtitle C, Title 6, Health and Safety Code, is amended by adding Chapter 487 to read as follows: CHAPTER 487. TEXAS COMPASSIONATE-USE ACT SUBCHAPTER A. GENERAL PROVISIONS Sec. 487.001. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
“Department” means the Department of Public Safety.
“Director” means the public safety director of the department.
“Dispensing organization” means an organization licensed by the department to cultivate, process, and dispense low-THC cannabis to a patient for whom low-THC cannabis is prescribed under Chapter 169, Occupations Code.
“Low-THC cannabis” has the meaning assigned by Section 169.001, Occupations Code.
SUBCHAPTER B. DUTIES OF DEPARTMENT Sec. 487.051. DUTIES OF DEPARTMENT. The department shall
S.B. No. 339 administer this chapter.
Sec. 487.052. RULES. The director shall adopt any rules necessary for the administration and enforcement of this chapter, including rules imposing fees under this chapter in amounts sufficient to cover the cost of administering this chapter.
Sec. 487.053. LICENSING OF DISPENSING ORGANIZATIONS AND
REGISTRATION OF CERTAIN ASSOCIATED INDIVIDUALS. (a) The department shall:
issue or renew a license to operate as a dispensing organization to each applicant who satisfies the requirements established under this chapter; and
register directors, managers, and employees of each dispensing organization.
The department shall enforce compliance of licensees and registrants and shall adopt procedures for suspending or revoking a license or registration issued under this chapter and for renewing a license or registration issued under this chapter.
Sec. 487.054. COMPASSIONATE-USE REGISTRY. (a) The department shall establish and maintain a secure online compassionate-use registry that contains:
the name of each physician who registers as the prescriber for a patient under Section 169.004, Occupations Code, the name and date of birth of the patient, the dosage prescribed, the means of administration ordered, and the total amount of
low-THC cannabis required to fill the patient ’s prescription; and
a record of each amount of low-THC cannabis dispensed by a dispensing organization to a patient under a
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(b) The department shall ensure the registry:
(1) is designed to prevent more than one qualified physician from registering as the prescriber for a single patient;
(2) is accessible to law enforcement agencies and
dispensing organizations for the purpose of verifying whether a patient is one for whom low-THC cannabis is prescribed and whether the patient ’s prescriptions have been filled; and
(3) allows a physician qualified to prescribe low-THC cannabis under Section 169.002, Occupations Code, to input safety and efficacy data derived from the treatment of patients for whom
low-THC cannabis is prescribed under Chapter 169, Occupations Code.
SUBCHAPTER C. LICENSE TO OPERATE AS DISPENSING ORGANIZATION
Sec. 487.101. LICENSE REQUIRED. A license issued by the department under this chapter is required to operate a dispensing organization.
Sec. 487.102. ELIGIBILITY FOR LICENSE. An applicant for a license to operate as a dispensing organization is eligible for the license if:
as determined by the department, the applicant possesses:
the technical and technological ability to cultivate and produce low-THC cannabis;
(B) the ability to secure:
the resources and personnel necessary to operate as a dispensing organization; and
(ii) premises reasonably located to allow
S.B. No. 339 patients listed on the compassionate-use registry access to the organization through existing infrastructure;
the ability to maintain accountability for the raw materials, the finished product, and any by-products used or produced in the cultivation or production of low-THC cannabis to
prevent unlawful access to or unlawful diversion or possession of those materials, products, or by-products; and
the financial ability to maintain operations for not less than two years from the date of application;
each director, manager, or employee of the applicant is registered under Subchapter D; and
the applicant satisfies any additional criteria determined by the director to be necessary to safely implement this chapter.
Sec. 487.103. APPLICATION. (a) A person may apply for an initial or renewal license to operate as a dispensing organization by submitting a form prescribed by the department along with the application fee in an amount set by the director.
The application must include the name and address of the applicant, the name and address of each of the applicant ’s directors, managers, and employees, and any other information considered necessary by the department to determine the applicant ’s eligibility for the license.
Sec. 487.104. ISSUANCE, RENEWAL, OR DENIAL OF LICENSE.
The department shall issue or renew a license to operate as a dispensing organization only if:
(1) the department determines the applicant meets the
S.B. No. 339 eligibility requirements described by Section 487.102; and
issuance or renewal of the license is necessary to ensure reasonable statewide access to, and the availability of, low-THC cannabis for patients registered in the compassionate-use registry and for whom low-THC cannabis is prescribed under Chapter 169, Occupations Code.
If the department denies the issuance or renewal of a license under Subsection (a), the applicant is entitled to a hearing. The department shall give written notice of the grounds for denial to the applicant at least 30 days before the date of the hearing.
A license issued or renewed under this section expires on the second anniversary of the date of issuance or renewal, as applicable.
Sec. 487.105. CRIMINAL HISTORY BACKGROUND CHECK. (a) An applicant for the issuance or renewal of a license to operate as a dispensing organization shall provide the department with the applicant ’s name and the name of each of the applicant ’s directors, managers, and employees.
Before a dispensing organization licensee hires a manager or employee for the organization, the licensee must provide the department with the name of the prospective manager or employee. The licensee may not transfer the license to another person before that prospective applicant and the applicant ’s directors, managers, and employees pass a criminal history background check and are registered as required by Subchapter D.
(c) The department shall conduct a criminal history
S.B. No. 339 background check on each individual whose name is provided to the department under Subsection (a) or (b). The director by rule shall:
determine the manner by which an individual is required to submit a complete set of fingerprints to the department for purposes of a criminal history background check under this
establish criteria for determining whether an individual passes the criminal history background check for the purposes of this section.
After conducting a criminal history background check under this section, the department shall notify the relevant
applicant or organization and the individual who is the subject of the criminal history background check as to whether the individual passed the criminal history background check.
Sec. 487.106. DUTY TO MAINTAIN ELIGIBILITY. A dispensing organization must maintain compliance at all times with the eligibility requirements described by Section 487.102.
Sec. 487.107. DUTIES RELATING TO DISPENSING PRESCRIPTION.
(a) Before dispensing low-THC cannabis to a person for whom the low-THC cannabis is prescribed under Chapter 169, Occupations Code,
the dispensing organization must verify that the prescription
(1) is for a person listed as a patient in the
(2) matches the entry in the compassionate-use
registry with respect to the total amount of low-THC cannabis required to fill the prescription; and
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has not previously been filled by a dispensing organization as indicated by an entry in the compassionate-use registry.
After dispensing low-THC cannabis to a patient for whom the low-THC cannabis is prescribed under Chapter 169, Occupations Code, the dispensing organization shall record in the
compassionate-use registry the form and quantity of low-THC cannabis dispensed and the date and time of dispensation.
Sec. 487.108. LICENSE SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION. (a) The department may at any time suspend or revoke a license issued under this chapter if the department determines that the licensee has not maintained the eligibility requirements described by Section
487.102 or has failed to comply with a duty imposed under this chapter.
The director shall give written notice to the dispensing organization of a license suspension or revocation under this section and the grounds for the suspension or revocation. The notice must be sent by certified mail, return receipt requested.
After suspending or revoking a license issued under this chapter, the director may seize or place under seal all low-THC cannabis and drug paraphernalia owned or possessed by the dispensing organization. If the director orders the revocation of the license, a disposition may not be made of the seized or sealed low-THC cannabis or drug paraphernalia until the time for administrative appeal of the order has elapsed or until all appeals have been concluded. When a revocation order becomes final, all
low-THC cannabis and drug paraphernalia may be forfeited to the
S.B. No. 339 state as provided under Subchapter E, Chapter 481.
(d) Chapter 2001, Government Code, applies to a proceeding under this section.
SUBCHAPTER D. REGISTRATION OF CERTAIN INDIVIDUALS Sec. 487.151. REGISTRATION REQUIRED. (a) An individual
who is a director, manager, or employee of a dispensing
organization must apply for and obtain a registration under this section.
(b) An applicant for a registration under this section must:
be at least 18 years of age;
submit a complete set of fingerprints to the
department in the manner required by department rule; and
pass a fingerprint-based criminal history background check as required by Section 487.105.
A registration expires on the second anniversary of the date of the registration ’s issuance, unless suspended or revoked under rules adopted under this chapter.
SUBCHAPTER E. DUTIES OF COUNTIES AND MUNICIPALITIES
Sec. 487.201. COUNTIES AND MUNICIPALITIES MAY NOT PROHIBIT LOW-THC CANNABIS. A municipality, county, or other political subdivision may not enact, adopt, or enforce a rule, ordinance, order, resolution, or other regulation that prohibits the cultivation, production, dispensing, or possession of low-THC cannabis, as authorized by this chapter.
SECTION 2. Section 481.062(a), Health and Safety Code, as amended by S.B. 219, Acts of the 84th Legislature, Regular Session, 2015, is amended to read as follows:
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The following persons are not required to register and may possess a controlled substance under this chapter:
an agent or employee of a registered manufacturer, distributor, analyzer, or dispenser of the controlled substance acting in the usual course of business or employment;
a common or contract carrier, a warehouseman, or an employee of a carrier or warehouseman whose possession of the controlled substance is in the usual course of business or employment;
an ultimate user or a person in possession of the controlled substance under a lawful order of a practitioner or in lawful possession of the controlled substance if it is listed in Schedule V;
an officer or employee of this state, another state, a political subdivision of this state or another state, or the United States who is lawfully engaged in the enforcement of a law relating to a controlled substance or drug or to a customs law and authorized to possess the controlled substance in the discharge of the person ’s official duties; [or]
if the substance is tetrahydrocannabinol or one of its derivatives:
a practitioner or an ultimate user possessing the substance as a participant in a federally approved therapeutic
S.B. No. 339 research program that the commissioner has reviewed and found, in writing, to contain a medically responsible research protocol; or
a dispensing organization licensed under Chapter 487 that possesses low-THC cannabis.
SECTION 3. Section 481.111, Health and Safety Code, is amended by adding Subsections (e) and (f) to read as follows:
Sections 481.120, 481.121, 481.122, and 481.125
do not apply to a person who engages in the acquisition, possession, production, cultivation, delivery, or disposal of a raw material used in or by-product created by the production or cultivation of low-THC cannabis if the person:
for an offense involving possession only of marihuana or drug paraphernalia, is a patient for whom low-THC cannabis is prescribed under Chapter 169, Occupations Code, or the patient ’s legal guardian, and the person possesses low-THC cannabis obtained under a valid prescription from a dispensing organization; or
is a director, manager, or employee of a dispensing organization and the person, solely in performing the person ’s regular duties at the organization, acquires, possesses, produces, cultivates, dispenses, or disposes of:
in reasonable quantities, any low-THC cannabis or raw materials used in or by-products created by the production or cultivation of low-THC cannabis; or
any drug paraphernalia used in the acquisition, possession, production, cultivation, delivery, or disposal of low-THC cannabis.
(A) a Department of State Health Services
official, a medical school researcher, or a research program
participant possessing the substance as authorized under
Subchapter G; or
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(f) For purposes of Subsection (e):
(1) “Dispensing organization” has the meaning
assigned by Section 487.001.
(2) “Low-THC cannabis” has the meaning assigned by
Section 169.001, Occupations Code.
SECTION 4. Subtitle B, Title 3, Occupations Code, is amended by adding Chapter 169 to read as follows: CHAPTER 169. AUTHORITY TO PRESCRIBE LOW-THC CANNABIS TO CERTAIN PATIENTS FOR COMPASSIONATE USE Sec. 169.001. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:
(1) “Department” means the Department of Public
“Intractable epilepsy” means a seizure disorder in which the patient ’s seizures have been treated by two or more appropriately chosen and maximally titrated antiepileptic drugs that have failed to control the seizures.
“Low-THC cannabis” means the plant Cannabis sativa L., and any part of that plant or any compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, preparation, resin, or oil of that plant that contains:
“Medical use” means the ingestion by a means of administration other than by smoking of a prescribed amount of low-THC cannabis by a person for whom low-THC cannabis is
(A) not more than 0.5 percent by weight of
(B) not less than 10 percent by weight of
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(5) “Smoking” means burning or igniting a substance
and inhaling the smoke. Sec. 169.002. PHYSICIAN QUALIFIED TO PRESCRIBE LOW-THC
CANNABIS. (a) Only a physician qualified as provided by this
section may prescribe low-THC cannabis in accordance with this
(b) A physician is qualified to prescribe low-THC cannabis to a patient with intractable epilepsy if the physician:
is licensed under this subtitle;
dedicates a significant portion of clinical
practice to the evaluation and treatment of epilepsy; and
(3) is certified:
by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology in:
(i) epilepsy; or
neurology or neurology with special qualification in child neurology and is otherwise qualified for the examination for certification in epilepsy; or
(B) in neurophysiology by:
the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology; or
(ii) the American Board of Clinical
Neurophysiology. Sec. 169.003. PRESCRIPTION OF LOW-THC CANNABIS. A
physician described by Section 169.002 may prescribe low-THC cannabis to alleviate a patient ’s seizures if:
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(1) the patient is a permanent resident of the state;
the physician complies with the registration requirements of Section 169.004; and
(3) the physician certifies to the department that:
the patient is diagnosed with intractable epilepsy;
the physician determines the risk of the medical use of low-THC cannabis by the patient is reasonable in light of the potential benefit for the patient; and
a second physician qualified to prescribe low-THC cannabis under Section 169.002 has concurred with the
determination under Paragraph (B), and the second physician ’s concurrence is recorded in the patient ’s medical record.
Sec. 169.004. LOW-THC CANNABIS PRESCRIBER REGISTRATION.
Before a physician qualified to prescribe low-THC cannabis under Section 169.002 may prescribe or renew a prescription for low-THC cannabis for a patient under this chapter, the physician must register as the prescriber for that patient in the compassionate-use registry maintained by the department under Section 487.054, Health and Safety Code. The physician ’s registration must indicate:
the physician ’s name;
the patient ’s name and date of birth;
the dosage prescribed to the patient;
(4) the means of administration ordered for the patient; and
(5) the total amount of low-THC cannabis required to
S.B. No. 339 fill the patient ’s prescription.
Sec. 169.005. PATIENT TREATMENT PLAN. A physician described by Section 169.002 who prescribes low-THC cannabis for a patient ’s medical use under this chapter must maintain a patient treatment plan that indicates:
the dosage, means of administration, and planned duration of treatment for the low-THC cannabis;
(2) a plan for monitoring the patient ’s symptoms; and
a plan for monitoring indicators of tolerance or reaction to low-THC cannabis.
SECTION 5. Section 551.004(a),
Occupations Code, is amended to read as follows:
(a) This subtitle does not apply to:
a practitioner licensed by the appropriate state board who supplies a patient of the practitioner with a drug in a manner authorized by state or federal law and who does not operate a pharmacy for the retailing of prescription drugs;
a member of the faculty of a college of pharmacy recognized by the board who is a pharmacist and who performs the pharmacist ’s services only for the benefit of the college;
a person who procures prescription drugs for lawful research, teaching, or testing and not for resale; [or]
a home and community support services agency that possesses a dangerous drug as authorized by Section 142.0061, 142.0062, or 142.0063, Health and Safety Code; or
a dispensing organization, as defined by Section 487.001, Health and Safety Code, that cultivates, processes, and
S.B. No. 339 dispenses low-THC cannabis, as authorized by Chapter 487, Health and Safety Code, to a patient listed in the compassionate-use registry established under that chapter.
SECTION 6. (a) Not later than December 1, 2015, the public safety director of the Department of Public Safety shall adopt rules as required to implement, administer, and enforce Chapter 487, Health and Safety Code, as added by this Act, including rules to establish the compassionate-use registry required by that chapter.
(b) Not later than September 1, 2017, the Department of Public Safety shall license at least three dispensing organizations in accordance with Section 487.053, Health and Safety Code, as added by this Act, provided at least three applicants for a license to operate as a dispensing organization have met the requirements for approval provided by Subchapter C, Chapter 487, Health and Safety Code, as added by this Act.
SECTION 7. This Act takes effect immediately if it receives a vote of two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, as provided by Section 39, Article III, Texas Constitution. If this Act does not receive the vote necessary for immediate effect, this Act takes effect September 1, 2015.
S.B. No. 339
President of the Senate Speaker of the House I hereby certify that S.B. No. 339 passed the Senate on May 7, 2015, by the following vote: Yeas 26, Nays 5.
Secretary of the Senate
I hereby certify that S.B. No. 339 passed the House on May 19, 2015, by the following vote: Yeas 108, Nays 38, one present not voting.
Chief Clerk of the House