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Stephen Carter 2018-10-18

Texas voters will head to the polls this November, and some will be armed with information about the candidates’ stances on various marijuana policies.

Through the collective efforts of numerous people around the state, Texas NORML has produced the Texas Marijuana Policy Voter Guide. The non-profit organization, which is dedicated to changing cannabis laws, routinely publishes this guide during the primaries and general elections. The first such guide was created in 2012.

According to the group, “We surveyed candidates seeking to represent you at the Capitol in Austin and in D.C. Answers provided have been unedited. You will also find the 2015 and 2017 Legislator Voting Record for incumbents pertaining to their votes over the last two legislative sessions.”

Five questions were asked of each candidate.

1) Do you support or oppose changing state law to allow residents with debilitating medical conditions (e.g. cancer, multiple sclerosis, PTSD) to access whole plant medical marijuana with a physician’s certification?

2) Do you support or oppose changing state law to make possession of less than one ounce of marijuana a civil offense punishable by a fine and no time in jail? Under current Texas laws, individuals found in possession of less than one ounce of marijuana can be arrested and given a criminal record, and they face up to six months in jail and a fine of up to $2,000.

3) Do you support or oppose changing state law to allow adults 21 and older to possess limited amounts of marijuana and establishing a system in which marijuana is regulated and taxed similarly to alcohol? Under such a system, it would remain illegal to consume marijuana in public or drive under the influence of marijuana.

4) Do you support or oppose changing state law to allow the cultivation

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Home»News»Opinion: Gov Abbott’s evolving views on marijuana good for Texas Stephen Carter 2018-10-10

Activists in Texas have fought hard for every inch they’ve gained on the issue of marijuana, whether it be in swaying public opinion, obtaining support from public officials, or changing laws.

They show up every other year for each legislative session, and in between they’re holding meetings, public forums, and educational events. They’re talking with lawmakers and candidates running for office. It is a labor of love, and at times it is nearly an unbearable mission in which you can only keep marching forward and savor the rare wins. There are no big wins when it comes to cannabis in Texas, at least not like what we see in other states.

Then comes along the moment when your governor, who has been a staunch opponent of changing our marijuana laws, decides to say on live television that not only does he now think whole plant medical cannabis has merit, but that he thinks the penalty for possessing marijuana should be decreased. Excuse me if I take a moment to celebrate because that is huge. Is it where we want to be? Not even close. But it’s a lot further along than where we were. Big wins in Texas don’t look like big wins because what are hills in other states, are mountains here.

Greg Abbott is in firm control, he will be re-elected this November, and that is our reality. I’ll spare you a lesson on the nuances of political power in Texas, but Abbott essentially is the face of the Republican Party of Texas, and they control all aspects of our government.

His stance has slowly been changing over time. Prior to 2015 he was completely opposed to marijuana in any form, and wouldn’t have

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Is CBD in Texas legal? Yes and No.

Here’s how to buy CBD oil in Texas in 2018 — legally.

CBD in TexasIs CBD in Texas legal ? This is one of those questions where the answer to which depends on who you ask and how you frame the question.

In 2016 the state of Texas passed an extremely limiting medical cannabis law known as the Compassionate Use Act which made the production and sale of CBD oil legal in Texas — but only for epilepsy patients willing to jump through some hoops.

This measure aside, a number of shops in Texas have been selling hemp CBD oil imported from other states to buyers without a prescription. Their reasoning, in a nutshell, is that CBD oil is a food product made from hemp and is as legal as hemp seed oil or any other hemp food product.

However, in April of 2018, the Texas DSHS threatened to pull all products containing CBD from store shelves statewide. They even went so far as to “raid” one Texas shop that was selling CBD oil. The agency declared that pot laws aside, CBD has not been approved by the FDA as a food additive and, therefore, any food products made with CBD are also illegal.

Just six weeks later, after a raucous public uproar, lawmakers backed down on this position — at least temporarily while they gather more information about CBD. In the meantime, many stores in the state are still selling CBD oils and CBD-infused products such as edibles and skin creams.

So what gives? Is CBD oil legal in Texas, or isn’t it?

In order to fully understand the legal status of CBD in Texas, and the reasons that so many Texans want to be able to purchase CBD oil legally, it helps to understand exactly what it is and how it works.

A Texans Guide to CBD Oil

CBD Oil in Texas

CBD oil is a refined extract of the hemp plant. Hemp is simply cannabis which produces below 0.3% THC. Anything above that is considered marijuana.

If you do some homework, you’ll find out that 99 out of 100 articles written about CBD oil will tell you that it’s made from industrial hemp — the same plant that has been used to produce textiles and seeds for thousands of years and which has “25,000 uses,” but very little medicinal value. The truth is that the type of hemp from which CBD oil is produced is nothing like industrial hemp. In fact, the cannabinoid-rich strains of hemp from which CBD oil is extracted didn’t even exist 25 years ago.

Rather than being a strain of industrial hemp which has been bred to produce higher levels of CBD, the hemp used to produce CBD oil is actually derived from strains of marijuana which have been bred to be effectively devoid of THC, the compound produced in pot which causes people to get high. This CBD-rich hemp, sometimes referred to as PCR hemp (phytocannabinoid-rich hemp) looks like marijuana, smells like marijuana, and is grown in the same way as marijuana.

CBD oil starts out as a raw extract of PCR hemp. It is extracted from the plant’s resinous flowers. After going through some filtering and distillation processes, the raw hemp extract is transformed into what we know as CBD oil.

Taken to its limits, the distillation process can produce 99.9% pure CBD. This product is odorless and flavorless and is therefore Ideal for adding to foods and cosmetics. (However, products made by infusing them with pure CBD are devoid of the other beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes.)

Why Texans Want Their CBD

CBD is short for cannabidiol. It is one of more than 100 phytocannabinoids – those produced in plants. High-quality CBD oil is rich in these medicinally beneficial compounds as well another class of compounds called terpenes. The purpose of cannabinoids is to regulate a variety of physiological functions in the human body at a cellular level. They do this by interacting with the human endocannabinoid system, or ECS.

The ECS is a system of signaling molecules and receptors via which the brain communicates instructions to individual cells. The human body naturally produces what are known as endocannabinoids. These are produced in the brain and the central nervous system at nerve synapses. It has been discovered over the years that both types of cannabinoids are essential to well-balanced health.

To give you an idea of how important the ECS is for maintaining good health one only needs to look at the wide variety of systems which are regulated by the ECS. For example, when the body is low on nutrients, it’s the ECS that makes us feel hungry. And once we’ve refueled, it makes us feel full. When we need rest, the ECS makes us feel sleepy. And when we’ve had enough rest, it wakes us up. When we’re in danger it puts us on edge. And when the danger passes it calms us back down. These are just a few examples of the vast variety of functions controlled by the ECS.

Is CBD Legal In Texas?Cannabinoid receptors are most commonly found in the brain, nervous system, and immune system, but are also found in abundance in all major organs.

Some researchers believe that a number of common medical conditions may be the result of a condition known as endocannabinoid deficiency. These diseases include anxiety and depression, autoimmune conditions such as Crohn’s disease and psoriasis, dysfunctions of the brain such as epilepsy, MS and Parkinsons, fibromyalgia, and many, many more.

Understandably, claims that CBD oil can be beneficial in treating such a vast array of conditions can make people skeptical. How can one compound treat so many diseases? But, as you can see, there is a good reason to believe that CBD oil may, indeed, be a useful tool in treating a variety of medical conditions. And there is abundant scientific research, clinical studies, and anecdotal evidence to back this up.

As a matter of fact, the evidence for the efficacy of CBD oil is so abundant and compelling that lawmakers in a majority of U.S. states have been convinced enough to defy the federal government’s prohibition of cannabis and implement medical cannabis programs which cover long lists of varied conditions. While some of these states have full-blown medical marijuana programs in place, others allow only low-THC, high-CBD cannabis oils. One such state where CBD is legal is Texas. But only to a few.

Is CBD Legal In Texas

Back in 2016, Texas lawmakers passed the Compassionate Care Act. This is a very limited medical cannabis program which allows for the production and use of CBD oil solely for the purpose of treating epileptic seizures. To be more precise, the law allows doctors who specialize in epilepsy and other neurological conditions to prescribe CBD oil to their patients, but only if those patients have tried the current FDA-approved epilepsy drugs with no success.

The law also allows for a regulated system for the production and sale of CBD oil. Many experts have criticized the measure as being too limiting thus denying millions of Texans the medicinal benefits of CBD oil.

Currently, there are only three companies which are legally licensed to produce and sell CBD oil in Texas. And the number of doctors which have been approved to legally prescribe CBD oil in Texas is minuscule compared to the number of epilepsy patients. Many doctors are reticent to prescribe CBD oil to their patients for fear that they might run afoul with Federal cannabis laws.

So what happens if you’re caught holding CBD oil in Texas without a prescription?

Texas CBD Laws 2018

As we mentioned, whether or not CBD oil is legal in Texas depends on who you ask, and how you frame the question. Texas cannabis laws are among the strictest in the nation. Although Texas law forbids the production of CBD oil in the state of Texas without a license, the question of whether or not hemp CBD oil is covered under Texas cannabis possession laws is debatable.

The Texas laws which might apply to CBD oil do, in fact, state that any and all derivatives of the cannabis plant are illegal. So how is that so many people are selling and buying CBD oil in Texas? Are they breaking the law?

As stated earlier, the state is fully aware that products containing CBD are currently being sold at a handful of retail establishments in Texas. Although they “raided” one shop, removing CBD from their shelves, the proprietors were not arrested on cannabis possession charges. Nor have any of the other shops in the state which are selling CBD oil and CBD-infused food and cosmetics products been arrested under cannabis distribution laws. (In other states where a handful of shop owners have been arrested and charged with crimes, the vast majority of cases are thrown out of court.)

The bottom line is this: The production and sale of CBD oil in Texas are strictly limited by law. Producing or selling CBD oil outside of that law is illegal and can — theoretically — result in criminal charges. But the laws pertaining to having a bottle of hemp CBD oil in your possession are murky. If a product is tested and found to contain less than 0.3% THC, the chances of being charged with cannabis possession are extremely slim to nonexistent. And the chances of being convicted of possession of cannabis are even slimmer.

How To Buy CBD In Texas

Now, let’s just assume for a second that the state decides to go ahead with its legal ban on CBD oil products and pulls all illegal CBD oil products from store shelves statewide. Where does that leave Texans who wish to legally purchase CBD oil?

how to buy CBD oil in TexasWell, fortunately for parents of children with epilepsy who don’t wish to go through the daunting process of finding a doctor willing to prescribe CBD oil (as well as anyone else in Texas suffering from a hundred other medical conditions who wishes to buy CBD oil legally) CBD oil is really easy to procure.

There are, in fact, a vast number of websites which sell CBD oil which is legally produced in states which allow its production and sale. You could easily have a bottle of CBD oil or a bag of CBD-infused gummies or some CBD vape liquid additive sitting on your front doorstep within 24 hours.

Although there may be some Reefer Madness types who will wag their fingers and stomp their feet about this, it’s extremely unlikely that any law enforcement agency in Texas, including federal agencies, will come pounding down your door with a warrant for the possession of cannabis and drag you off to jail just because you bought a bottle of CBD oil online.

So, CBD in Texas? Technically it is legal, but only under very limited circumstance and after jumping through a number of hoops to get a prescription. Should you be worried about breaking the law by buying CBD online? Probably not.

Where to buy CBD online

There are numerous companies selling CBD oil online that will gladly ship their products to Texas residents. Here are a few of them.

CBD Pure

CBD FX

Diamond CBD

Where to buy CBD for Pets online

MediPets

CBD Pet

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A resolution urging the federal government to end the nation’s longstanding prohibition on industrial hemp has been passed by a key legislative committee in Pennsylvania.

Senate Resolution 421 was passed unanimously (11 to 0) yesterday by the Senate Agriculture and Rural Affairs Committee.

According to its official summary, SR 421 is “A Resolution urging the Congress of the United States to pass the language from the Hemp Farming Act of 2018, as contained in the 2018 Farm Bill, removing industrial hemp from the Schedule I Controlled Substance List and legalizing commercial industrial hemp production in the United States”.

The resolution also calls on the state’s Department of Agriculture “to conduct a study of industrial hemp research pilot programs and prepare recommended draft statutory and regulatory language.”

The resolution was filed by Senate Sharif Street along with a bipartisan group of 12 other lawmakers. The full text of the resolution can be found by clicking here.

Read More Here…

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Texas Gov Greg Abbott supports marijuana penalty reduction, hesitant to legalize medical cannabis.

During a debate this week between Texas gubernatorial candidates Republican Governor Greg Abbott and Democratic Sheriff Lupe Valdez, the subject of marijuana came up. The question was asked, “What is your stance on marijuana legalization in Texas?”

While both candidates ducked the question by not saying whether or not they would support legalizing cannabis, both appeared to be supportive of the idea of medical marijuana, and Abbott added that he would like to move the penalty for minor marijuana possession from a Class B misdemeanor to a Class C misdemeanor.

Currently possession of two ounces or less in Texas can result in a fine up to $2,000 and 180 days in jail, along with the suspension of driver’s license. Moving this offense to a Class C misdemeanor would cap the fine at $500 with no jail time. It wasn’t immediately clear whether or not this would have an effect on the suspension of driver’s license.

During the debate, Abbott stated “Parents with children who have epilepsy approached me a couple session ago about the possibility of what’s called CBD oil for their children. I was moved by what they had to say. I agree with them. I am the governor who signed into law the legalization of CBD oil. More recently I’ve had discussions with veterans as well as parents of autistic children and others who make a very strong compelling case about legalization of medical marijuana.” He added, “I have seen however that other states that authorize that, abuses take place that raise concerns. So I’m still not convinced yet.”

CBD oil is an extracted compound from the cannabis plant which does not make a person feel high, but does possess

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According to a new study published by the Journal of Pain Research, THC/CBD can have “remarkable analgesic capabilities” in the treatment of chronic refractory pain caused by failed back surgery syndrome.

“This study aimed to evaluate pain and its symptoms in patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) refractory to other therapies, treated with a combination of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), in association with spinal cord stimulation (SCS)”, states the study’s abstract. “Outpatients referred at Pain Unit of San Vincenzo Hospital in Taormina (Italy), between September 2014 and January 2016”, were evaluated.

For the study, eleven FBSS patients diagnosed with neuropathic pain, and suffering from moderate to severe chronic refractory pain and undergoing treatment with SCS and a combination of THC/CBD for 12 consecutive months, completed the Douleur Neuropathique 4 questionnaire.

“All the included patients discontinued previous unsuccessful therapy at least 2 months before the beginning of the cannabinoid therapy, with the exception of the SCS that was continued. Patients received a fixed dosage of cannabinoid agonists (THC/CBD) that could be increased subjective to pain control response.” A Brief Pain Inventory questionnaire “was administered to measure pain and its interference with characteristic dimensions of feelings and functions”, and the “duration of treatment with SCS and

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Ilmarie Braun says her son is being failed by the expert panel set up to review applications for medicinal cannabis.

The mother of a severely epileptic three-year-old boy who has up to 120 seizures a day has accused the Government of failing him after he was refused the right to use medical cannabis.

Ilmarie Braun says the expert Government panel set up to grant licence applications is just “paying lip service” to the families of seriously ill children.

She and her husband Alex say cannabis oil bought over the counter has reduced their son Eddie’s seizures from around 500 a day to 120.

– Read the entire article at I News.

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Statistics Canada, the organization behind Canada’s census and hundreds of other crowdsourced data collection programs, is predicting that the country’s legal cannabis sales could reach as high as $1.02 billion from the commencement of the retail market on October 17 through the end of the year. StatCan derived its Q4 estimates from census population data and statistics from the National Cannabis Survey. And beyond the remarkable sales projection, StatCan is also estimating a dramatic shift away from the illicit market as consumers mass-transition to legal purchases.

Canadians Could Spend Over $1 Billion on Legal Weed In 10 Weeks

Statistics Canada’s $1 billion dollar sales projection isn’t a yearly figure. Instead, it’s what the organization estimates Canadian cannabis consumers will spend on weed in just the final 10 weeks of the year. And that’s not even what StatCan expects Canadians to spend on cannabis total. The $1 billion figure represents just legal sales. Add on an extra $250 million to $315 million in illegal cannabis purchases. Then you’ve got the complete picture of StatCan’s pot purchasing predictions.

The ever-increasing demand for legal cannabis currently hovers around 5.5 million consumers in Canada. StatCan predicts 1.7 million people will continue to obtain their cannabis on the

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Katie Pringle knew long before she got into the cannabis industry herself that its culture did not cater particularly well to women.

But as she prepared to conduct focus groups last year ahead of launching her own female-focused cannabis company, even she was surprised by how poorly women were served in the market.

She went to a head shop — a store that sells pipes, bongs and other paraphernalia related to marijuana use — and asked the clerk for their “most beautiful” smell-free jar, something the 34-year-old communications and marketing professional wouldn’t mind displaying in her home.

– Read the entire article at The Star.

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From left: Vivien Azer, Debra Borchardt, Emily Paxhia, Jessica Billingsly, Jeannette Ward Horton, Cynthia Salarizadeh and Tahira Rehmatullah

“This is the most interesting investment concept today,” TV personality Jim Cramer said about the high-flying cannabis industry as he kicked off the Green Market Summit at New York’s World Trade Center on Sept. 14.

Industry experts shared a vision of legal cannabis as a trillion dollar-plus disruptor of the pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries as more Fortune 500 companies take aim at the sector. Panel topics focused on the economics of cannabis, reaching out to consumers and the potential for marijuana to become more mainstream.

One major theme of the one-day conference that drew about 200 people centered around the growing role of Fortune 500 companies in the space, such as Constellation Brands and Molson Coors.

“Rob Sands is a very smart guy,” Cramer said about Constellation’s CEO, who inked a $4 billion deal with Canopy Growth over the summer to produce non-alcoholic cannabis beverages in Canada. It’s the largest investment yet by any major company in cannabis, but more are expected. Constellation owns Corona, Mondavi and many other alcohol brands.

The hemp/CBD industry is estimated to grow from $5.7

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